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mutual fund mutualfund
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FAQ

Mutual funds are investment companies that pool money from investors at large and offer to sell and buy back its shares on a continuous basis and use the capital thus raised to invest in securities of different companies.


A Brief of How Mutual Funds Work :
Mutual funds can be either or both of open ended and closed ended investment companies depending on their fund management pattern. An open-end fund offers to sell its shares (units) continuously to investors either in retail or in bulk without a limit on the number as opposed to a closed-end fund. Closed end funds have limited number of shares.

Mutual funds have diversified investments spread in calculated proportions amongst securities of various economic sectors. Mutual funds get their earnings in two ways. First is the most organic way, which is the dividend they get on the securities they hold. Second is by the redemption of their shares by investors will be at a discount to the current NAVs (net asset values).

Open End Mutual Funds :
All mutual funds by default and by definition are open end funds. Here an investor can buy the shares at any point of time and exit from it at any time of his choice. Both buying and selling will be at the current NAV subject to load factors where ever applicable. Though this is a very broad category, one can easily say this is the most popular of the lot looking at the ease with which one can liquidate his holding (exit from position by selling or redemption to the trust/fund). Affordability is another key factor that decides the popularity of open end funds. Those who can not afford high initial prices can buy with low dollar values and even on a monthly basis.

Closed End Mutual Funds :
Selling off of a specified and limited number of shares by the mutual funds at an initial public offering is known as closed end mutual fund. However one important difference between open end fund and closed end mutual fund is that the price of the latter is decided by demand and supply of the stock in the market and not by NAVs unlike in the former case. The pooled funds are utilized as per the mandate of the fund and Securities and Exchange Commission's regulations. They are traded more like the general stocks. Some of the reasons to invest in this category

  • Prices are determined by market demands and thus closed end funds trade at lower than the offer price more often than not which is a perfect time for buying (at discounted prices).
  • Like in the open end funds there are wide options for you to choose from. Like stock funds, balanced funds that give full asset allocation benefit and thirdly the bond funds.

    Exchange Traded Funds :
    The Exchange Traded Funds are a basket of stocks and trade like a normal security on exchanges tracking index much like index funds. The prices of the ETFs are determined by market forces and thus no NAVs can be fixed. The advantages of ETFs include buying and selling like you can do with any stock traded on the exchange not excluding short selling while you enjoy the diversification of an index fund. There no fees/loads on these funds other than the commission you pay to the broker. There are many popular funds in this class and one of them is SPDR that tracks S&P 500 index.

  • FAQ
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